What is zopiclone?
A drug called zopiclone is used to treat insomnia, a sleep disorder. The sedative zopiclone is a member of the class of medications known as non-benzodiazepine hypnotics. While having a different structure from benzodiazepine sedative hypnotics like Halcion (triazolam), it is comparable in terms of its advantages and drawbacks.
With the use of zopiclone, you can decrease the amount of time it takes you to fall asleep, lengthen the period of time you spend sleeping, and experience fewer nighttime awakenings (nocturnal awakenings). It takes around an hour for zopiclone to start working.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors are found in the brain, and by attaching to these receptors, zopiclone enhances the calming effects of GABA, a chemical messenger.
In many countries around the world, zopiclone is permitted for use and first became available in the 1980s. As a schedule IV controlled substance, it is not available in the US. Eszopiclone has received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Lunesta). Eszopiclone is a stereoisomer of zopiclone, which implies that while its 2D structure is the same and its pieces are joined in the same order, it has a distinct 3D structure.
Typically, zopiclone comes in tablet form. Your physician might be able to prescribe an oral remedy for you in some nations.
What is zopiclone used for?
Adults with insomnia are treated with zopiclone for a short period of time (7–14 days). It is used to treat individuals with sleep issues, including:
- Having trouble falling asleep
- In the middle of the night, waking up
- Getting up too early
- severe or distressing sleep issues brought on by emotional or mental health issues
Long-term (more than 4 week) usage of zopiclone for chronic insomnia is not advised because it may result in tolerance and dependency, which could cause withdrawal and rebound insomnia if suddenly stopped. Long-term usage of a medicine is typically regarded as “off-label” or an unapproved application.
What should I avoid while taking zopiclone?
When taking zopiclone, avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol can intensify the effects of this prescription and cause you to sleep very deeply, impairing your ability to breathe or making it difficult for you to wake up.
After taking zopiclone, you shouldn’t operate hazardous equipment or drive a car for 12 hours. As you awaken the following morning, you should use caution.